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盖政办发〔2022〕6号PC28加拿大预测在线(中国)有限公司办公室关于印发盖州市防止 耕地“非粮化”稳定粮食生产 工作方案的通知

发布时间:2022-06-21

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PC28加拿大预测在线(中国)有限公司办公室关于印发盖州市防止

耕地“非粮化”稳定粮食生产

工作方案的通知

 

各园区管委会,各乡镇人民政府、街道办事处,各相关部门:

经市政府同意,现将《盖州市防止耕地“非粮化”稳定粮食生产工作方案》印发给你们,请认真贯彻落实。


 

盖州市政府办公室

2022年6月21日

 

(此件公开发布)

盖州市防止耕地“非粮化”稳定粮食生产

工作方案

 

为深入贯彻落实《辽宁省人民政府办公厅关于印发辽宁省防止耕地“非粮化”稳定粮食生产工作方案的通知》(辽政办发〔2020〕30号)和《营口市人民政府办公室关于印发营口防止耕地“非粮化”稳定粮食生产工作方案的通知》(营政办发〔2021〕12号)文件精神,切实做好我市防止耕地“非粮化”稳定粮食生产工作,现结合我市实际情况,制定本方案。

一、总体要求

(一)指导思想

坚持以习近平新时代中国特色社会主义思想为指导,认真贯彻落实习近平总书记关于粮食安全的重要指示批示,增强“四个意识”、坚定“四个自信”、做到“两个维护”,把确保国家粮食安全作为“三农”工作的首要任务,采取有力措施防止耕地“非粮化”,切实承担起国家粮食生产安全的责任和义务。

(二)工作目标

我市耕地面积60万亩,粮食生产功能区和重要农产品生产保护区38.24万亩,要进一步依托优势,结合实际情况科学合理利用耕地资源,把有限的耕地优先用于粮食生产,落实最严格的耕地保护制度,严守耕地红线,建立起防止耕地“非粮化”稳定粮食生产的常态管理机制。坚决完成省、市下达的粮食生产目标,巩固提升粮食生产综合能力,为确保国家粮食安全提供坚实支撑。

二、主要内容

(一)保护利用耕地资源,夯实粮食生产基础

1.加强耕地和永久基本农田保护。牢固树立新发展理念,着力加强耕地数量、质量、生态“三位一体”保护,认真落实耕地和永久基本农田保护任务,按规定严格控制非农建设项目占用永久基本农田。我市要逐步加强建设项目占用优质耕地的审查,占用耕地规模比例大的重大建设项目,要充分论证其必要性和可行性,并结合实际情况做到“占优补优、占水田补水田”,强化建设项目预审,严格项目选址把关。强化耕地保护执法监察。严格耕地保护责任追究制度。(牵头单位:市自然资源局;责任单位:各乡镇人民政府、街道办事处)

2.充分发挥粮食生产功能区作用。各乡镇人民政府、街道办事处要加强监管,切实将粮食生产功能区落实到地块,做好粮食生产功能区和重要农产品生产保护区情况“回头看”工作,保证粮食种植面积和产量。积极引导农民和新型经营主体种植相应目标作物,加快把粮食生产功能区建成粮食生产的优势区、高产区,发挥粮食生产主力军作用。大力推进专用玉米、优质水稻、优质大豆等优质粮食生产,在粮食生产功能区多种粮、种好粮。(牵头单位:市农业农村局、财政局;责任单位:各乡镇人民政府、街道办事处)

3.进一步加强高标准农田建设。各乡镇人民政府、街道办事处按照“集中连片、整村推进”的原则,兼顾填补已建项目区的空白区域,把“点”连成“片”,逐步实现整乡“全覆盖”。优先在“两区”和永久基本农田上开展高标准农田建设,支持具备条件的新型农业经营主体或农村集体经济组织采取“先建后补”“以奖代补”的方式建设高标准农田。在积极争取国家和省补助基础上,兼顾县级财政承受能力,筹集投入更多资金,鼓励社会和金融资本积极参与农田建设,着力打造一批旱涝保收、节水高效、稳产高产、生态友好的高标准、高质量农田。(牵头单位:市农业农村局、财政局;责任单位:各乡镇人民政府、街道办事处)

4.推进耕地质量保护提升。落实贯彻“藏粮于地”、“藏粮于技”战略,以绿色发展为导向,以耕地质量提升、农业生态环境改善为目标。根据全市主要土壤类型、土壤亚类、种植作物、生态环境、代表面积、管理水平等差异和粮食安全省长绩效考核每10万亩建立一个耕地质量监测点的相关要求,在全市建立7个耕地质量监测点并进行跟踪调查,及时掌握耕地质量变化趋势,为促进耕地资源可持续利用、保障粮食安全、农产品质量安全和农业生态安全提供技术支持和保障。(牵头单位:市农业农村局、市自然资源局;责任单位:各乡镇人民政府、街道办事处)

(二)政策综合推进,提升粮食产业质量

1.完善粮食生产支持政策。实施好各项强农惠农补贴,健全粮食主产区利益补偿机制,着力保护和调动各级政府重农抓粮的积极性,引导农民和新型经营主体调整粮食品种结构,发展优质新品种,不断提高种粮效率。落实好国家最低收购价、耕地地力保护补贴、稻谷补贴、玉米大豆生产者补贴和种植业保险等工作,让农民种粮有收益,提高种粮效益。(牵头单位:市农业农村局、市发展改革局、市财政局;责任单位:各乡镇人民政府、街道办事处)

2.推进适度规模化经营。市农业农村局充分发挥农村产权交易机构作用,引导土地向种粮经营主体流转,发展粮食适度规模经营。加强宣传引导,鼓励支持大户、家庭农场、农民合作社、农事企业、社会化服务组织等经营主体,积极参与辽宁省农业生产社会化服务项目,推进生产托管服务平台建设,促进小农户与农业社会化服务的有机结合,提高粮食产量、品质和经济效益。(牵头单位:市农业农村局;责任单位:各乡镇人民政府、街道办事处)

3.提升粮食生产技术水平。加快农业关键核心技术攻关和示范推广,积极推进良种良法配套,农机农艺融合,提升作物单产水平。集成组装优新品种、测土配方施肥、病虫害统防统治、全程机械化、高效节水等粮食生产高质高效技术模式,提高新技术、新品种普及率和到位率。全市玉米、水稻主要粮食作物耕种收机械化率分别稳定在80%和90%以上。积极围绕粮食作物农机化生产环节,强化人才技术和装备支撑,加大机具补贴和报废更新力度,建立健全的农机技术推广模式、操作方法及标准规范。开展绿色高质高效行动,集成组装、示范推广区域性、标准化高质高效技术模式。(牵头单位:市农业农村局;责任单位:各乡镇人民政府、街道办事处)

4.推进全产业链发展。紧紧抓住我市的三大支柱产业增产增效,拓展提升。特别是水果产业作为盖州市地标产业,充分利用了地理、气候、纬度的独特优越条件发挥其主导产业优势,打造各类水果的栽种、储存产业基地。同时结合盖州实际,因地制宜打造一批特色产业龙头,从而形成一县一业、一乡一特、一村一品产业格局和品牌效应。(牵头单位:市农业农村局、市发展改革局;责任单位:各乡镇人民政府、街道办事处)

(三)完善约束机制,不断强化监管引导力度

1.明确耕地利用优先序。对耕地实行特殊保护和用途管制,依法严格控制耕地转为林地、园地等其他类型农用地。永久基本农田重点用于发展粮食生产,各乡镇人民政府、街道办事处要积引导农民和新型经营主体在永久基本农田上种植粮食作物,保障水稻、玉米的种植面积,在一般耕地上种植粮食和蔬菜等农产品及饲草饲料。在优先满足粮食和食用农产品生产基础上,在耕地上适度种植非食用农产品,对市场明显过剩的非食用农产品,要加以引导,防止无序发展。(牵头单位:市农业农村局、市自然资源局、市林草局;责任单位:各乡镇人民政府、街道办事处)

2.加大粮食生产功能区监管力度。各乡镇人民政府、街道办事处根据国家和省市的统一部署,组织开展粮食生产功能区划定情况“回头看”。加强粮食生产功能区管护力度,对粮食种植面积大但划定面积少的进行补划,对耕地性质发生改变、不符合划定标准的予以剔除并及时补划。保障粮食种植面积,切实加强管理,确保全市粮食生产功能区稳定发挥作用,不得擅自调整粮食生产功能区;不得违规在粮食生产功能区内建设种植和养殖设施;不得违规将粮食生产功能区纳入退耕还林还草范围;不得在粮食生产功能区内超标准建设农田林网。根据国家省市的统一部署,在市政府领导下,组织开展粮食生产功能区划定情况“回头看”。(牵头单位:市农业农村局、市自然资源局、市林草局;责任单位:各乡镇人民政府、街道办事处)

3.有序引导工商资本下乡。鼓励和引导工商资本到农村从事良种繁育、粮食加工流通和粮食生产专业化社会化服务等。按照省政府统一部署,建立工商企业等社会资本通过流转取得土地经营权的资格审查、项目审核和风险防范制度。充分发挥市、县、乡农村产权交易机构作用,对工商资本流转农户承包地按面积实行分级备案。强化租赁农地监测监管,严防工商资本违反相关产业发展规划大规模流转耕地不种粮的“非粮化”行为,一经发现坚决依法予以纠正,并立即停止其享受的相关扶持政策。(牵头单位:市农业农村局、市供销社;责任单位:各乡镇人民政府、街道办事处)

4.严禁违规占用永久基本农田种树挖塘。贯彻土地管理法、基本农田保护条例等有关规定,落实耕地保护目标和永久基本农田保护任务。严格规范永久基本农田农业生产经营活动,禁止占用永久基本农田从事林果业以及挖塘养鱼、非法取土等破坏耕作层的行为,禁止闲置、荒芜永久基本农田。违规占用耕地及永久基本农田造林的不予核实造林面积,禁止未经批准占用永久基本农田开展退耕还林还草。禁止以城乡绿化建设等名义违法违规占用耕地,严禁超标准建设绿色通道。(牵头单位:市自然资源局、市林草局、市农业农村局;责任单位:各乡镇人民政府、街道办事处)

三、保障措施

(一)切实加强组织领导。各乡镇人民政府、街道办事处要按照本方案要求,抓紧制定适合本地的工作方案,把防止耕地“非粮化”稳定粮食生产工作放在突出位置,一级抓一级,层层抓落实。加强组织领导,严格落实属地责任,建立健全工作机制,完善政策措施,压实工作职责,确保各项任务落实落地。

(二)强化粮食安全责任考核。各乡镇人民政府、街道办事处要切实承担起保障粮食安全的主体责任,粮食生产目标考核作为市长绩效考核的主要内容之一,要求各乡镇人民政府、街道办事处保障粮食种植面积,提高粮食产量,加快高标准农田项目建设,防止耕地“非粮化”,细化粮食产销平衡,完成绩效考核要求。

(三)落实耕地保护责任目标考核。耕地保护党政同责,将耕地保护考核情况纳入领导干部离任审计、粮食安全考核等内容。强化用途管制,加强农用地转用审批管理,加大优质耕地的审查,确保规划期内完成耕地和永久基本农田保护任务。                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                

 

PC28加拿大预测在线(中国)有限公司办公室                  2022年6月21日印发

(四)实行动态监测监管。各乡镇人民政府、街道办事处要依据自身职责,建立耕地“非粮化”情况通报机制,要对本区域耕地种粮情况进行动态监测,发现问题及时整改,重大情况及时汇报,实现信息化、网格化、精细化管理。

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